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Women with HIV, after years of isolation, coming out of shadows

Women with HIV, after years of isolation, coming out of shadows



December 25, 2016

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Anita Schools wakes at daybreak most days, although she often lazes in mattress, watching movies on her telephone, till she has to rise up to take the HIV meds that maintain her alive. The morning solitude ends abruptly when her granddaughter bursts in they usually curl up, bonding over graham crackers.

Schools, 59, lives in Emeryville close to the foot of the Bay Bridge, strolling distance from a Nordstrom Rack and different massive chain shops she will’t afford. Off and on since April, her granddaughter has lived there too, sleeping on a blow-up mattress with Schools’ daughter and son-in-law and one other grandchild.

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Five is just too many for the one-bedroom condominium. But they’re household. They stored her going through the worst occasions, and that she may help them now’s a blessing.

Nearly 20 years in the past, when Schools was recognized with HIV, it was her daughter Bonnie — then 12 and dwelling in foster care — who gave her hope, saying, “Mama, you don’t have to worry. You’re not going to die, you’re going to be able to live a long, long time.”

“It was her that gave me the push and the courage to keep on,” Schools stated.

She had contracted HIV from a person who’d been in jail, who beat her repeatedly till she fled. By then she’d already left one other abusive relationship and misplaced all 4 of her daughters to baby protecting providers. HIV was only one extra burden.

At the time, the illness was a demise sentence. That Schools continues to be right here — serving to her household, attending to know her grandchildren — is fantastic, she stated. But for her, as with tens of hundreds of others who’ve lived 20 years or extra with HIV, survival comes with its personal hardships.

Gay males made up the majority of the casualties of the early AIDS epidemic, and because the male survivors get older, they’re dealing with profound problems, together with bodily and psychological health issues. But the women have their very own masses to bear.

Whereas homosexual males have been in danger just by being homosexual, women typically have been contaminated via intravenous drug use or intercourse work, or by male companions who lied about having unsafe intercourse with different males. The similar issues that put them in danger for HIV made their very survival a problem.

Today, many women like Schools who’re long-term survivors cope with challenges brought on or compounded by HIV: monetary and housing insecurity, melancholy and nervousness, bodily incapacity and emotional isolation.

“We’re talking about mostly women of color, living in poverty,” stated Naina Khanna, government director of Oakland’s Positive Women’s Network, a nationwide advocacy group for women with HIV. “And there’s not really a social safety net for them. Gay men diagnosed with HIV already historically had a built-in community to lean on. Women tend to be more isolated around their diagnosis.”

There are far fewer women getting old with HIV than males. In San Francisco, almost 10,000 individuals age 50 or older live with HIV; about 500 are women. Not all women survivors have histories of trauma and abuse, of course, and lots of have carried out nicely in spite of their analysis.

But research have discovered that women with HIV are greater than twice as probably as the typical American lady to have suffered home violence. They have greater charges of psychological sickness and substance abuse.

What retains them going now, many years after their diagnoses, varies extensively. For some, connections with their households, particularly their now-adult youngsters, are crucial. For others, HIV advocacy work retains them motivated and hopeful.




Photo: Leah Millis, The Chronicle

Patti Radigan (righ) instructs daughter Angelica and Angelica’s boyfriend, Jayson Cabanas, on getting ready inexperienced beans for Thanksgiving whereas Roman Tom Pierce, eight, watches.

Patti Radigan (righ) instructs daughter Angelica and Angelica’s…

Patti Radigan was dwelling in a cardboard field on South Van Ness Avenue in San Francisco when she examined constructive in 1992. By then, she’d misplaced her husband to a coronary heart assault whereas a younger mom, and never lengthy after that she misplaced her daughter, too, when her drug use received out of management and her sister-in-law took within the youngster.

She turned to prostitution within the late 1980s to help a heroin habit. She’d heard of HIV by then and knew it was lethal. She’d seen individuals on the streets within the Mission the place she labored, losing away after which disappearing altogether. But she nonetheless thought of it as one thing that affected homosexual males, not women, even these dwelling on the margins.

Women then, and now, have been more likely than males to contract HIV from intravenous drug use somewhat than intercourse — although in Radigan’s case, it might have been both. IV drug use is the trigger of transmission for almost half of all women, in response to San Francisco public health reviews. It’s the trigger for lower than 20 % for males.

Still, when Radigan lastly received examined, it wasn’t as a result of she was apprehensive she could be constructive, however as a result of the clinic was providing topics $20. She wanted the money for medicine.

She was scared sufficient after the analysis — after which she received pregnant. It was the early 1990s, and HIV specialists at UCSF have been simply beginning to consider they might finesse women by means of being pregnant and assist them ship wholesome infants. Today, it’s extensively understood that women with HIV can safely have youngsters; San Francisco hasn’t seen a child born with HIV since 2004.

But within the 1990s, getting pregnant was thought-about egocentric — even when the child survived, its mom most definitely wouldn’t stay lengthy sufficient to boost her. For women contaminated on the time, having youngsters was one thing else that they had to surrender.

And so Radigan had an abortion. But she received pregnant once more in 1995, and she or he was determined to have this youngster. She was dwelling by then with 10 homosexual males in a boarding home for recovering addicts. Bracing herself for an onslaught of criticism, she informed her housemates. First they have been quiet, then somebody yelled, “Oh my God, we’re having a baby!”

“It was like having 10 big brothers,” Radigan stated, smiling on the reminiscence. Buoyed by their help, she stored the being pregnant and had a wholesome woman.

Radigan is 59 now; her daughter, Angelica Tom, is 20. They each reside in San Francisco after shifting to the East Coast for some time. It was as a result of of her daughter that Radigan stayed sober, that she persistently took her meds, and that she went again to high school to are likely to her future.

For a very long time she informed individuals she simply needed to reside lengthy sufficient to see her daughter graduate highschool. Now her daughter is in artwork faculty and Radigan is wholesome sufficient to carry a part-time job, to steer yoga courses on weekends, to go out with pals for a Friday night time live performance.

“Because of HIV, I thought I was never going to do a lot of things,” Radigan stated. “The universe is aligning for me. And now I feel like I deserve it. For a long time, I didn’t feel like I deserved anything.”


Anita Schools, who says she is most troubled by finances, listens to an HIV-positive woman speak about her experiences and fears at an Oakland support group that Schools organized. Photo: Leah Millis, The Chronicle



Photo: Leah Millis, The Chronicle

Anita Schools, who says she is most troubled by funds, listens to an HIV-positive lady discuss her experiences and fears at an Oakland help group that Schools organized.

Anita Schools, who says she is most troubled by funds, listens…

Anita Schools obtained examined for HIV as a result of her ex-boyfriend stored telling her she ought to. That ought to have been a warning signal, she is aware of now.

She was first recognized in 1998 at a neighborhood clinic in Oakland, nevertheless it took two extra exams at San Francisco General Hospital for her to simply accept she was constructive. People advised her that HIV wasn’t essentially deadly, however she had hassle believing she was going to stay. All she might assume was, “Why me? What did I do?”

It was solely after her daughter Bonnie reassured her that Schools began to assume past the fast nervousness and anger. She joined a help group for HIV-positive women, discovering consolation of their tales and shared experiences. Ten years later, she was main her personal group.

She’s by no means had issues with medicine or alcohol, and she or he has a community of family and friends for emotional help, she stated. Even the HIV hasn’t hit her too arduous, bodily, although the medicine to deal with it have attacked her kidneys, leaving her sick and fatigued.

Like so many of the women she advises in her help group, Schools is most troubled by her funds. She will get by on Social Security and has bounced amongst Section eight housing everywhere in the Bay Area for many of her grownup life.

Schools’ present condominium is meant to be everlasting, however she worries she might lose it if her daughter’s household stays with her too lengthy. So earlier this month they moved out and at the moment are sleeping in homeless shelters or, some nights, of their automotive. She hates letting them depart however doesn’t really feel she has some other selection.

Reports present that women with HIV are much more more likely to reside in poverty than males. Khanna, with the Positive Women’s Network, stated surveys of her members discovered that 85 % make lower than $25,000 a yr, and roughly half take residence lower than $10,000.

Schools can’t all the time afford the bus or BART tickets she must get to physician appointments and help group conferences, relying as an alternative on rides from buddies — or typically skipping occasions altogether. She will get her meals primarily from meals banks. Her wardrobe is dominated by T-shirts she will get from the HIV organizations with which she volunteers.

“With Social Security, $889 a month, that ain’t enough,” Schools stated. “You got to pay your rent, and then PG&E, and then you got to pay your cell phone, buy clothes — it’s all hard.”

At a time when different women her age may be interested by retirement or no less than slowing down, advocacy work has taken over Schools’ life. She speaks out for women with HIV and their wants, demanding monetary and health assets for them. In her help group and at AIDS conferences, she presents her story of survival as a kind of jagged street map for different women struggling to navigate the complicated warren of providers they’ll have to get by.

The work provides her confidence and objective. She feels she will immediately affect women’s lives in a approach that appeared past her when she was younger, unemployed and directionless.

“As long as I’m getting help and support,” Schools stated, “I want to help other women — help them get somewhere.”


Billie Cooper is tall and putting, loud and brash. Her make-up is polished, her nails flawless. She is, she says with a booming giggle that makes heads flip, “the ultimate senior woman.”

For Cooper, 58, HIV was transformative. Like Radigan, she needed to discover her means out from underneath habit and prostitution to get wholesome, and keep wholesome. Like Schools, she got here to know the significance of role-modeling and advocacy.

Cooper arrived in San Francisco in the summertime of 1980 — virtually a yr to the day earlier than the primary stories of HIV surfaced within the United States. She was recent out of the Navy and wanting to discover her gender id and sexuality in San Francisco’s burgeoning homosexual and transgender communities.

Growing up in Philadelphia, she’d recognized she was totally different from the boys round her, although it was many years earlier than she discovered the language to precise it and recognized as a transgender lady. But seeing the “divas on Post Street, the ladies in the Tenderloin, the transsexual women prostituting on Eddy” — Cooper was awestruck.

She slipped shortly into prostitution and drug use. When she examined constructive in 1985, she wasn’t stunned and barely wasted a thought worrying about what it meant for her future — or whether or not she’d have any future in any respect.

“I felt as though I still had to keep it moving,” Cooper stated. “I didn’t slow down and cry or nothing.”

Transgender women have all the time been at heightened danger of HIV. Some research have discovered that greater than 1 in 5 transgender women is contaminated, and immediately about 340 HIV-positive trans women reside in San Francisco.

What makes them extra weak is difficult. Trans women typically have much less entry to health care and fewer secure housing than others, they usually face greater charges of drug habit and sexual violence, all of that are related with danger of HIV an infection.

Cooper was homeless on and off by means of the 1980s and ’90s, trapped in a world of medicine and intercourse work that felt glamorous on the time however in hindsight was crippling. “I was doing things out of loneliness,” she stated, “and I was doing things to feel love. That’s why I prostituted, why I did drugs.”

She started to wash up round 2000, although it might take 5 or 6 years to completely give up utilizing. She discovered a everlasting place to stay. She collected Social Security. She began working in help providers for different transgender women battling HIV. In 2013, she based TransLife, a help group on the San Francisco AIDS Foundation.

“I was coming out as the activist, the warrior, the determined woman I was always meant to be,” she stated.

Cooper by no means developed any of the widespread, typically deadly problems of HIV — together with opportunistic infections like pneumonia — that killed tens of millions within the 1980s and 1990s. But she does have neuropathy, an HIV-related nerve situation that causes a continuing pins-and-needles sensation in her ft and legs and typically makes it onerous to stroll.

Far extra traumatic for her was her most cancers analysis in 2006. The most cancers, which can have been associated to HIV, was remoted to her left eye, however after conventional therapies failed, the attention was surgically eliminated on Thanksgiving Day in 2009.

The most cancers and the loss of her eye was a devastating setback for a lady who had all the time targeted on her look, on wanting as beautiful because the transgender women she so admired within the Tenderloin, on being liked and needed for her magnificence.

Rising from that loss has been troublesome, she stated. And she’s continued to endure new health issues, together with blood clots in a single of her legs. Recently, she’s fallen a number of occasions, in scary episodes that could be associated to the clots, the HIV or one thing else totally.

Since Thanksgiving she’s been in and out of the hospital, and although she tries to remain upbeat, it’s clearly making an attempt her endurance.

But if HIV and most cancers and every thing else have examined Cooper’s survival in methods she by no means anticipated, these trials even have strengthened her resolve. She’s turning into the individual she all the time needed to be.

“A week before they took my eye, I got my breasts,” she stated coyly one current afternoon, thrusting out her chest. Behind the sun shades she wears virtually continuously now, she was smiling and crying, unexpectedly.

Aging with HIV has been unusually calming, in some methods, giving her a confidence that in her wild youth was elusive.

Now she exults in being a revered elder within the HIV and transgender communities. She loves it when individuals open doorways for her or assist her cross the road, supply to hold her luggage or surrender a seat on a bus.

Simply, she stated, “I love being Ms. Billie Cooper.”

Erin Allday is a San Francisco Chronicle employees author. Email: eallday@sfchronicle.com Twitter: @erinallday


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