By Robert Preidt
THURSDAY, Dec. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) — Pregnant women ought to keep away from touring to a south Texas city that sits on the state’s border with Mexico, as a result of 5 instances of native Zika an infection have been reported there, U.S. health officers suggested Wednesday.
The city of Brownsville continues to be experiencing temperatures which might be heat sufficient for mosquitoes to proceed to breed, based on the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Zika is transmitted primarily by way of the chew of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, though it can be unfold via sexual contact.
“We’re recommending pregnant women not journey to Brownsville, and in the event that they do journey to that space, to make sure that they keep away from mosquito bites they usually keep away from the danger of sexual transmission,” the CDC’s Dr. Denise Jamieson stated in an company information launch. “And that when they return from the area, that they undergo testing for Zika virus infection.”
None of the Brownsville instances contain pregnant women, officers added.
While most adults who’re contaminated with the Zika virus expertise delicate signs, an infection throughout being pregnant can have catastrophic penalties for infants. Thousands of infants have been born in Brazil and Colombia with microcephaly, a birth defect that leads to an abnormally small head and an underdeveloped brain.
In the United States, CDC officers have tallied 32 instances of Zika-linked start defects in infants. Most of these instances resulted from infections picked up in Zika-prone nations in Latin America and the Caribbean
Meanwhile, the CDC urges warning and vigilance.
“We are working closely with Texas to gather and analyze new information every day. With the new information that there has been local spread of Zika for at least several weeks, we conclude that pregnant women should avoid the Brownsville area — and make every effort to prevent mosquito bites if they live or work there,” stated Dr. Tom Frieden, director of the CDC. “Together with Texas officials, we are working to protect pregnant women from the potentially devastating effects of this virus.”
Florida is the one different U.S. state that has reported native instances of Zika an infection. But that state was just lately declared Zika-free after 45 days handed with none new infections within the final lively zone, situated in South Miami Beach.
As of Dec. 7, a complete of 1,172 Zika infections within the continental United States have concerned pregnant women, in accordance with CDC estimates.
On Wednesday, new analysis from CDC scientists estimated that 6 % of contaminated pregnant women may have infants who’re born with Zika-linked start defects, with the primary and second trimesters being probably the most weak interval for maternal an infection. Their findings have been reported within the Journal of the American Medical Association.
The CDC urges residents — particularly pregnant women — to take steps to guard themselves from mosquito bites. They ought to use an insect repellent registered by the Environmental Protection Agency containing one of many following components: DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane-diol, or 2-undecanone. They also needs to put on long-sleeved shirts and lengthy pants, use or restore screens on home windows and doorways, use air con when out there, and take away standing water inside and out of doors the place mosquitoes can lay eggs.
The CDC additionally says:
- Zika is unfold to individuals primarily by means of the chew of contaminated Aedes species mosquitoes, that are present in Brownsville.
- A pregnant lady can cross Zika virus to her fetus throughout being pregnant or delivery.
- An individual contaminated with Zika virus can move it on to intercourse companions.
- No vaccines or remedies are presently out there to deal with or forestall Zika infections.