By Robert Preidt
MONDAY, July 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Infants uncovered to the Zika virus in the womb ought to have their eyes examined for potential virus-related abnormalities, in accordance with a brand new report.
“All infants with potential Zika virus publicity ought to bear screening eye examinations regardless of [central nervous system] abnormalities, timing of maternal an infection throughout pregnancy, or laboratory affirmation,” stated Dr. Andrea Zin and colleagues. Zin is with the National Institute of Women’s Health in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
In some instances, proof of Zika an infection might solely present up in the eyes, the research discovered. The outcomes have been revealed July 17 in the journal JAMA Pediatrics.
“Eye abnormalities may be the only initial finding in congenital Zika virus infection,” Zin stated in a journal information launch.
Zika, a mosquito-borne virus, often causes solely delicate signs in wholesome adults. But fetal publicity throughout being pregnant may result in critical birth defects, together with microcephaly, an abnormally small head and mind.
The research included 112 infants in Brazil born to moms with confirmed Zika an infection. The infants have been adopted by a medical workforce for his or her first yr of life.
The researchers discovered that 20 infants had microcephaly, 31 had different central nervous system abnormalities, and 61 had no central nervous system issues.
But one in 5 of the infants had sight-threatening eye abnormalities, with optic nerve and retinal abnormalities the most typical, the investigators stated.
Ten of these with eye problems didn’t have microcephaly and eight had no central nervous system findings.
The researchers famous, nevertheless, that they “cannot affirm with absolute certainty” that each one of the attention abnormalities have been brought on by Zika virus an infection.
In phrases of timing, greater than half of the infants with eye abnormalities have been born to women contaminated with Zika virus in the primary trimester. One-third have been born to women contaminated with Zika virus in the second trimester, and two have been uncovered in the third trimester, based on the research.