Thursday , February 22 2018
Home / Health / Must-Do Healthcare Checklist for Women of Every Age

Must-Do Healthcare Checklist for Women of Every Age

Consumer Reports has no relationship with any advertisers on this web site.

Making healthy food choices and getting no less than two and a half hours of exercise each week are essential all through life.

But relating to screening tests and vaccinations, you’ll want to know simply when to get them—and to maintain up with that schedule.

“The many screening tests recommended by medical experts can be difficult to keep track of,” says Marvin M. Lipman, M.D., Consumer Reports’ Chief Medical Adviser. “And women and men have totally different screening necessities at totally different occasions of their lives.”

To assist, we’ve gathered suggestions from a number of essential sources: the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (an unbiased medical panel of nationwide specialists); our personal Choosing Wisely campaign, which goals to assist sufferers and docs speak about checks and coverings; and specialists in gynecological and first healthcare.

Here’s an easy-to-follow guidelines of the screening checks, vaccinations, and preventive health measures you want, at each stage of maturity.

What to Do in Your 20s and 30s

Vaccinations

  • Flu shot, yearly
  • Tetanus booster, each 10 years
  • Whooping cough vaccine (within the type of a Tdap booster) until you’re sure you’ve already had one as a preteen or teenager
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, in case you’re beneath 26 and haven’t acquired it but

Screening Tests

  • Cervical cancer: Starting at 21, have a Pap smear each three years. Alternately, you’ll be able to have a Pap smear each 5 years in the event you get examined for HPV on the similar time.
  • Sexually transmitted illness: If you’re underneath 25 and sexually lively, have a yearly screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea. Continue testing yearly so long as you’ve gotten new or a number of intercourse companions, or a associate who has a sexually transmitted an infection. Also, get examined for HIV at the least as soon as. According to the CDC, everybody between ages 13 and 65 must be examined throughout their lifetime. (If you could have certain risk factors, you will want further screenings.)
  • Blood pressure: Have it checked a minimum of as soon as each two years.
  • Cholesterol: If you will have hypertension, a household historical past of coronary heart illness, or different cardiac danger elements, have a blood check for ldl cholesterol at age 35. Have your ldl cholesterol examined each three to 5 years, relying on outcomes.
  • Type 2 diabetes: If you’re obese or overweight, have a household historical past of diabetes, or have hypertension or ldl cholesterol, check with a fasting blood glucose check and an HbA1c check to measure long-term blood sugar management each three years, relying on outcomes.

Review With Your Doctor

  • Contraception decisions
  • Diet, train, and sleep habits
  • Smoking, alcohol consumption, and any substance use habits

Note: This women’s healthcare guidelines doesn’t embrace suggestions for pregnant women.

Women’s Healthcare Tips

When it involves your day by day train and nutrition habits, remember that what you do now can have an effect on you sooner or later.

“The things we put into our bodies do impact our long-term health, and they do impact what we look and feel like, 10 years, 20 years, 30 years down the road,”  says Barbara Levy, M.D., vice chairman for health coverage with the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Attending to your emotional health can also be essential throughout these years, Levy provides. For many women, these are prime years for constructing a household and a profession. That can include so much of stress.

What to Do in Your 40s and 50s

Vaccinations

  • Flu shot, yearly
  • Tetanus booster, each 10 years

Screening Tests

  • Breast most cancers: At 40, speak together with your physician about when to start out mammography screening. Most women can start at age 50. However, if in case you have danger elements for breast most cancers, comparable to a household historical past, it might be advisable to start out in your 40s. Consider having a mammogram each two years in the event you’re at low danger, or yearly in case you are at larger danger for breast most cancers.
  • Cervical most cancers: Have a Pap smear each three years. Alternately, you possibly can have the check each 5 years when you get examined for HPV on the similar time.
  • Sexually transmitted illness: Get examined yearly for chlamydia and gonorrhea so long as you will have new or a number of intercourse companions, or a companion who has a sexually transmitted an infection.
  • Blood pressure: Have it checked at the very least as soon as each two years.
  • Cholesterol: If you haven’t any coronary heart illness danger elements, have a blood check to verify levels of cholesterol at age 45. After that, check each three to 5 years, relying on outcomes.
  • Type 2 diabetes: If you’re obese or overweight, have a household historical past of diabetes, or have hypertension or excessive ldl cholesterol, check with a fasting blood glucose check and an HbA1c check to measure long-term blood sugar management each three years, relying on outcomes.
  • Colon cancer: At age 50, speak to your physician about having both a colonoscopy each 10 years, a stool check yearly, or sigmoidoscopy each 5 years with a stool check each three years. Other colon cancer screening options can be found; ask your physician what could also be greatest for you.

Review With Your Doctor

  • Contraception decisions
  • Diet, train, and sleep habits
  • Smoking, alcohol consumption, and any substance use habits

Note: This women’s healthcare guidelines doesn’t embrace suggestions for pregnant women.

Women’s Healthcare Tips

It’s essential to proceed interested by contraception by way of menopause, says John Cullen, M.D., a household doctor in Valdez, Alaska, and a member of the board of administrators of the American Academy of Family Physicians.

And speak together with your physician in case you are experiencing more and more painful, heavy, or unpredictable durations, which may happen as you strategy menopause. “A lot of women at this point actually benefit from medications (such as hormone-based birth control) that reduce periods, just to control bleeding,” Cullen says.

What to Do in Your 60s and Beyond

Vaccinations

  • Flu shot, yearly
  • Tetanus booster, each 10 years
  • Shingles vaccine, as soon as at age 60
  • Two pneumonia vaccines, beginning at 65. The CDC recommends a dose of what’s generally known as PCV13 (Prevnar) first. At least one yr later, get a dose of PPSV23 (Pneumovax).

Screening Tests

  • Breast cancer: Continue mammography screening, a minimum of each two years. Recommendations differ on when to cease screening. At age 75, speak together with your physician about whether or not it is best to proceed having common mammograms.
  • Cervical most cancers: Most women can cease having common Pap smears at age 65. Talk together with your physician about whether or not you must proceed.
  • Osteoporosis: Have a bone density check at age 65, and be screened once more each two to 3 years. You might want speak to your physician about screening earlier if in case you have sure danger elements, similar to household historical past, low physique weight, smoking, thyroid disease, early or surgical menopause, historical past of taking prednisone, or a historical past of fractures.
  • Sexually transmitted illness: Get examined yearly for chlamydia and gonorrhea so long as you might have new or a number of intercourse companions, or a associate who has a sexually transmitted an infection.
  • Blood strain: Have it checked at the least as soon as each two years.
  • Cholesterol: Continue blood exams for ldl cholesterol each three to 5 years, relying on outcomes.
  • Type 2 diabetes: If you’re obese or overweight, have a household historical past of diabetes, or have hypertension or ldl cholesterol, check with a fasting blood glucose check and an HbA1c check to measure long-term blood sugar management each three years, relying on outcomes.
  • Colon most cancers: Continue screening with a colonoscopy each 10 years, a stool check yearly, or sigmoidoscopy each 5 years with a stool check each three years. Other colon most cancers screening choices exist; ask your physician about which can be greatest for you. You can cease colon most cancers screening at age 75.

Review With Your Doctor

  • Diet, train, and sleep habits
  • Smoking, alcohol consumption, and any substance use habits

Women’s Healthcare Tips

Chronic circumstances corresponding to arthritis and diabetes might grow to be greater considerations throughout these years, Levy says, and should start to make some day by day actions harder. Because of this, it turns into much more important to give attention to sustaining muscle mass by way of strengthening exercises, she notes. Squats, pushups, and lifting hand weights are a superb begin.

It’s additionally essential to care for your sexual health in case you are not monogamous or do not have a monogamous associate. Some companions might not need to use condoms, as a result of there’s not a danger of being pregnant. That places women in danger of contracting sexually transmitted illnesses, Levy says.

More from Consumer Reports:
Top pick tires for 2016
Best used cars for $25,000 and less
7 best mattresses for couples

Copyright © 2006-2017 Consumer Reports, Inc.


Source link

Check Also

What causes a tilted uterus?

A take a look at tilted uterus, a situation the place the uterus is tipped …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*