By E J Mundell
What’s extra, charges of pot use in being pregnant have steadily risen through the years — from four.2 % of women in 2009 to 7.1 % simply seven years later.
That’s in line with the brand new report from Kaiser Permanente Northern California, a serious regional health care group.
“Use among [pregnant] females younger than 18 to age 24 years increased the most,” added the group led by Kelly Young-Wolff, a Kaiser researcher in Oakland.
Among this youngest group, use of pot throughout being pregnant rose from 12.5 % in 2009 to just about 22 % by 2016.
Rates of use have been highest among the many younger, and dropped steadily as age rose throughout being pregnant, the researchers stated.
There was one necessary caveat to the survey: Urine samples have been taken at eight weeks of gestation, so pot use may need occurred earlier than most of the women realized they have been pregnant. Pot can linger within the system for as much as 30 days, the researchers famous.
But the researchers consider that urine samples are doubtless to offer probably the most correct image of marijuana use in being pregnant, as a result of individuals are likely to hesitate about admitting such behaviors.
Prior U.S. research had recommended that marijuana use was on the rise in being pregnant, “however, [those] studies are limited to self-reported surveys,” Young-Wolff’s group famous.
Even within the Kaiser research, women’s self-report of marijuana use in being pregnant was significantly decrease than that exposed by urine samples.
Why the development? The rising acceptance of marijuana could also be a driving issue, the researchers stated.
“In California, medical marijuana was legalized in 1996, and prenatal use may further escalate in 2018 when recreational marijuana is available legally,” the Kaiser group famous.
Whatever the explanations, the findings could possibly be dangerous information for infants, since “initial evidence suggests that prenatal marijuana may impair fetal growth and neurodevelopment,” Young-Wolff’s group stated.
Many women might not perceive the potential danger, nevertheless. According to at least one survey carried out between 2007 and 2012, 79 % of women “reported perceiving little to no harm in prenatal [pot] use,” the Kaiser staff famous.
The research was revealed Dec. 26 in JAMA.