After weeks of public strain to enhance entry to female hygiene merchandise for incarcerated women, the Arizona Department of Corrections introduced a brand new coverage late Wednesday afternoon. Now, ADC will provide at least 36 free pads or tampons to female prisoners every month. The division had beforehand insisted that 12 pads have been sufficient, till previously incarcerated women, our allies and a social media marketing campaign — #LetItFlow — collectively and appropriately shamed ADC into motion.
We are proud to have helped impact this variation. It wasn’t straightforward for any of us concerned, particularly these of us who selected to relive our trauma to be able to educate the patriarchy.
Earlier this month, we testified earlier than the all-male Military, Veterans and Regulatory Affairs Committee of the Arizona State Legislature and made the case for House Bill 2222, menstrual fairness laws drafted by state Rep. Athena Salman (D).
HB 2222 would offer entry to limitless female hygiene merchandise for women who’re incarcerated at Arizona State Prison Complex ― Perryville in Goodyear, Arizona, the place we cumulatively spent over a decade of our lives locked up inside, struggling the trauma of menstrual inequity and abuse alongside our sisters.
Being incarcerated and never having sufficient pads to maneuver via your menstrual cycle is embarrassing, degrading and precarious. Without entry to enough hygiene provides, we have been pressured to depend on different women to assist make up the deficiency. We have been steadily on the mercy of male corrections officers, who typically used their energy to make us wait a full day to obtain a further pad. Meanwhile, we sat in our personal fluids, risking an infection and the humiliation of bleeding by way of our pants. In reality, ADC often issued us bloodstained undergarments — proof of the shortage of entry to satisfactory sanitary provides.
Standing earlier than a committee of 9 males and describing our experiences in Perryville, we felt as if we have been opening a door we had been knocking at for years whereas incarcerated, and our voices have been lastly heard. The invoice narrowly passed the committee with a 5-Four vote. And we — women who lived in and survived Perryville — breathed a sigh of aid for the women nonetheless inside.
It can be naive and irresponsible to put the well-being of a weak inhabitants solely within the palms of the Arizona Department of Corrections.
Menstrual fairness laws for incarcerated women turned a part of the nationwide dialog final summer time, when Sens. Cory Booker (D-N.J.), Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Kamala Harris (D-Calif.) and Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) launched the Dignity for Incarcerated Women Act into Congress. Access to free pads and tampons was a central element of the laws. The federal Bureau of Prisons responded to the introduction of the invoice by issuing a policy change that permits women entry to a various vary of female hygiene merchandise, together with tampons (common and tremendous), maxi pads with wings (common and tremendous), and panty liners (common), all freed from cost.
When we testified in help of HB 2222, we hoped to impact comparable change right here in our state’s jail system. But state Rep. T.J. Shope (R), the chairman of the Arizona House Rules Committee, introduced final week that he wouldn’t permit HB 2222 to maneuver to the complete legislature as a result of ADC knowledgeable him that it will right the coverage inside the jail code itself. This is identical ADC, led by Director Charles Ryan, that faces a whole lot of thousands of dollars in fines each month for failing to offer satisfactory health look after individuals incarcerated.
ADC has an extended monitor document of medical abuse. In 2012, the American Civil Liberties Union filed a lawsuit towards ADC on behalf of 33,000 individuals incarcerated in Arizona. Systemwide failures have been discovered all through the division’s health care system, and its use of solitary confinement was discovered to be excessively punitive. The subsequent settlement, reached in 2014, outlined numerous efficiency measures for ADC. But even underneath state scrutiny, ADC refuses to conform beneath its personal phrases. The division has demonstrated an incapability and unwillingness to satisfy the essential human rights of incarcerated individuals.
While ADC’s new directive to extend entry to female hygiene merchandise is a internet constructive, it will be naive and irresponsible to put the well-being of a weak inhabitants solely within the arms of the division. Time and time once more, ADC has confirmed it can’t be trusted to deal with its prisoners humanely.
The majority of women at present incarcerated at Perryville have restricted incomes, and as soon as their free pads are exhausted, some resort to utilizing socks, washcloths or tampons they make from cotton swabs held collectively by floss, which may result in bacterial and fungal infections. Incarcerated women face degradation and the worry of retribution ought to a guard really feel put out by the request for extra pads or tampons. Unsurprisingly, many women won’t ask for what they should handle their cycles.
As is the case in most prisons in the U.S., women who’re incarcerated at Perryville can, in concept, buy tampons, rest room paper and extra pads from the jail commissary. But once more, ADC has made it almost unattainable to try this. Prison wages begin as little as $zero.10 per hour. Incarcerated individuals are topic to non-public property laws, and if they’re discovered to be out of compliance, for any cause, they are often issued citations and lose privileges, together with telephone calls, entry to commissary or recreation and train. Minor violations of ADC coverage — resembling having 50 pads amongst one’s private property — might outcome within the lack of these privileges for weeks.
At the time of the BOP coverage change, Booker appropriately noted that it will be ineffective until correctly enforced. Codifying HB 2222 into Arizona’s statutes would maintain otherwise-insulated jail officers publicly accountable. There is not any oversight of ADC past Gov. Doug Ducey (R), who’s finally chargeable for the misogyny and human rights violations that happen behind jail partitions. Ducey, in his 2018 state of the state address, dedicated himself to re-entry work. It is as much as him to serve all his constituents, together with women incarcerated in our state jail system.
The challenges incarcerated women face when they’re menstruating are not unique to Arizona. Nationally, incarcerated and formerly incarcerated women are amplifying the urgency of this concern. Mitigating the trauma that women expertise whereas they’re incarcerated will increase their probabilities of success as soon as launched from jail, which is ostensibly the aim of the justice system.
Adrienne Kitcheyan and Tuesday Brauer are previously incarcerated native Arizonans and members of American Friends Service Committee’s Reframing Justice venture, which works to impact sentencing reform and finish mass incarceration.