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Hormone therapy improves bone health in postmenopausal women

Osteoporosis is a progressive illness in which bones grow to be weaker and extra more likely to break. New analysis suggests hormone therapy might enhance bone health in women liable to the illness.

Women vulnerable to osteoporosis might profit from menopausal hormone therapy.

Normally, the human physique breaks down and absorbs bone tissue, however it creates new bone tissue to make up for the loss.

Throughout the primary half of 1’s life, there’s a stability between the quantity of bone misplaced and the quantity gained. But after menopause, women lose bone mass at a a lot larger price, with extra bone being damaged down than is shaped.

Osteoporosis happens because of the imbalance between bone degradation and bone formation, and it impacts an estimated 75 million individuals throughout Europe, United States, and Japan.

As menopause often takes place between the age of 40-50, 2 in three women over the age of 50 will expertise osteoporotic fractures.

Men are additionally affected, as they, too, lose bone mass quicker with older age. The International Osteoporosis Foundation report that 1 in 5 men males over 50 may have an osteoporosis-induced fracture.

Studying the impact of hormone therapy on women susceptible to osteoporosis

In women, estrogen helps shield bone, so decreased ranges of the hormone throughout and after menopause could also be liable for osteoporosis. Similarly, decrease ranges of testosterone in males can also contribute to the illness.

The advantages of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) on bone density have been documented earlier than. Studies have shown there’s a dose-response of estrogen therapy for bone safety, with even low doses of MHT preserving and enhancing bone density.

But a brand new research – carried out by researchers from the Lausanne University Hospital in Switzerland – investigates for the primary time whether or not MHT can even enhance bone mass and construction.

They collected knowledge from the OsteoLaus cohort, which comprised of 1,279 women dwelling in Lausanne, aged between 50-80 years.

Researchers divided members into three classes: 22 % underwent MHT in the course of the research, 30 % had benefited from MHT earlier than the remedy, and 48 % had by no means had MHT.

Scientists used twin X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans of the sufferers’ lumbar backbone, femoral neck, and hip to guage bone mineral density. Based on the scans, the women got a Trabecular Bone Score, which measured the standard of their bone construction. The Trabecular Bone Score is generally used to foretell fracture danger in postmenopausal women.

The principal variables thought-about in the research have been age and physique mass index (BMI). The research additionally adjusted for the sufferers’ historical past of fractures, in addition to complement intakes, resembling calcium and vitamin D.

The results have been revealed in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

MHT improves bone mass and construction

The research has proven for the primary time that MHT improves bone mass and construction.

Results additionally indicated that bone health advantages induced by MHT persist for at the least 2 years after women stop the remedy.

“When used in the right context, specifically in postmenopausal women younger than 60 years old for whom the benefits outweigh risks, menopausal hormonal therapy is effective for both the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.”

Lead writer Dr. Georgios Papadakis

Researchers discovered larger Trabecular Bone Scores in sufferers present process MHT on the time of the research, in contrast with previous customers of the therapy and individuals who had by no means used MHT.

The bone mass density values have been all considerably greater in present customers. Previous customers of the therapy confirmed greater bone mass density and better bone microarchitecture, in contrast with sufferers who had by no means used MHT.

The period of the menopausal hormone remedy didn’t have an effect on bone health.

“Women at menopause should take note of this study because its results can help optimize the use of menopausal hormone treatment in women at risk of osteoporosis,” Papadakis concludes.

Read about how heavy marijuana use may raise risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures.

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