As the physique the place the international group’s dedication to the human rights is generally affirmed, the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly is usually a hopeful, and even idealistic area. However, this yr, the aggressive posture of the US undermined the negotiation elevating critical doubts about the ongoing health of multilateralism at the UN. Not surprisingly, these new developments have been particularly evident in negotiations on women’s rights, and particularly their sexual and reproductive rights.
The Third Committee, which incorporates all 193 UN Member States, focuses on agreements relating to human rights and humanitarian affairs, ended its 2017 session in November following weeks of intense and, at occasions, contentious negotiations. The GA adopted greater than 60 resolutions from the Third Committee on issues starting from counter-terrorism to women’ rights to combating racism.
New commitments to the human rights of women and women
Despite the new dynamics, nations did make new commitments to women’s and women’ human rights. For the first time ever, Member States negotiated particular commitments on fulfilling the human rights of women and women with disabilities, constructing on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the essential work of the Special Rapporteur dedicated to documenting and advocating on this problem. In this decision, nations pledged to:
- Protect the reproductive rights of women and women with disabilities by ending pressured and coercive practices, reminiscent of pressured sterilization and pressured abortion;
- Promote the proper of women and women with disabilities to have management over their very own sexuality and make selections freed from coercion, discrimination and violence;
- Provide them with complete sexuality schooling in accessible codecs; and
- Promote the participation and management of women and women with disabilities by means of help for their organizations and networks.
Even long-standing resolutions on women’ human rights and on rural women and women broke new floor this yr. For instance, in the biennial decision on the girl child, Member States dedicated to altering cultural taboos about menstruation that stigmatize women and women and impede their schooling. Meanwhile, the decision on rural women and girls incorporates commitments on baby marriage and femicide for the first time in its almost 30-year historical past. This seemingly easy choice resonates round the world as a result of yearly, some 15 million girls round the world are married, whereas hundreds of women are murdered for being women.
Threats to the worldwide human rights system
These advances occurred towards a backdrop of elevated divisiveness and disengagement that challenges many years of consensus and rocks the basis of the worldwide human rights system.
The United States led the cost. Its disdain for diplomatic norms opened the door for different nations to prioritize conservative ideology and problem the norms they disliked. In the remaining weeks of negotiations, it turned apparent that the US meant to name for votes to undo commitments to deal with local weather change or make commerce fairer, even when it had beforehand supported them. In negotiations on women and development and children’s rights, the US adopted an excessive place of eager to denounce solely “unlawful” home violence. Perhaps most shockingly, the US initially refused to interact in negotiations on the biennial decision on combating the glorification of Nazism, and then introduced in over 20 amendments at the final second, in an try and undermine the decision.
The US’s concern about this decision and its potential influence on freedom of speech had been expressed by earlier US Administrations. However, the Trump Administration’s brazen disregard for diplomatic norms allowed nations which have little regard for human rights to disrupt the Third Committee course of.
In the last days of the Third Committee, for instance, St. Lucia, and then Egypt on behalf of sure African Group nations, challenged earlier rigorously balanced agreements on complete sexuality schooling (CSE). In resolutions on youth programs, girls, women and girls with disabilities, and the rights of children, these nations sought to restrict the rights of youngsters to info and schooling as allowed by their mother and father and authorized guardians. Parents undoubtedly have an necessary position to play of their youngsters’s schooling. Nonetheless, the expertise of women’s rights advocates exhibits us that on the subject of sexuality, health, and gender equality, mother and father and households might be sources of misinformation, management, and abuse.
Ultimately, three out of 4 of the makes an attempt to weaken present commitments making certain entry to CSE handed, with simply over 40 nations appearing out of group solidarity slightly than nationwide coverage positions, greatest practices or commitments to previous agreements.
Previously this sort of conduct—bringing last-minute modifications to established agreements—wouldn’t happen. The norms respecting prior agreements and the negotiation course of itself would have prevented any nation from breaking consensus so late in the course of. However, the US’s new excessive positions on women’s rights and sexual and reproductive rights and their fixed breaking of diplomatic norms allows anti-rights nations, resembling Egypt, to assault the substance and the system concurrently. A daunting augur of what might come for women’s and women’ human rights.
Photo: UN Photo/Manuel Elias