Of all of the cancers affecting women, cervical cancer has emerged because the second commonest reason for cancer-related deaths in India. Women between 15 and 44 years of age are notably in danger. There are about 122,000 new instances of cervical cancer yearly within the nation, with 67,500 women succumbing to the illness. “Cervical cancer is mostly caused by the Human Papilloma Virus or HPV. It is a condition that affects lining of the cervix, or the lower part of the uterus. This cancer develops gradually and becomes full-blown over time,” stated Nandita Palshetkar, Medical Director, Bloom IVF Group & President-elect, Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecological Societies of India. HPV an infection can unfold by way of sexual or skin-to-skin contact. Though this an infection often goes away by itself over time in most women, in others, it might persist and trigger precancerous modifications within the cells of the cervix. “Some symptoms of this cancer include abnormal vaginal bleeding, vaginal bleeding after menopause or sex, bleeding or spotting between periods, longer or heavier menstrual periods than usual, other abnormal vaginal discharge, and pain during sexual intercourse,” she added. As with some other illness, there are specific myths related to cervical cancer as properly.
# Myth 1: Women and not using a household historical past of cervical cancer don’t have to get screened. Those with no household historical past of this situation may be in danger. This is as a result of the HPV an infection can unfold by way of sexual contact. It is, thus, necessary to get take preventive measures and get pap checks accomplished. Here are 5 things you must know about cervical cancer screening.
# Myth 2: There is not any have to get a pap check yearly if this check and the one for HPV are regular. The advisable schedule is as soon as in three years in women between 21 and 29; and as soon as each 5 years in women between 30 and 64. Those above the age of 64 ought to comply with their physician’s recommendation.
# Myth three: It shouldn’t be attainable to stop cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is among the most preventable cancers. A Pap check may also help decide any sort of modifications within the cells of the cervix. Once any such change is detected, it’s potential to start out remedy early and forestall the cancer from creating. Pap check is crucial for anybody who has been sexually lively or in women who’ve HPV and are people who smoke.
# Myth four: Women with no signs needn’t get examined. HPV infections don’t present any signs usually. While there are several types of HPV, some high-risk varieties are related to cervical cancer and can go undetected till the event of irregular cells. This makes it essential for women to get examined regularly.
# Myth 5: Women who’ve had a hysterectomy don’t have to get examined. It is crucial to bear a screening for cervical cancer regardless of whether or not a lady has had a hysterectomy. Only those that have undergone a complete hysterectomy (a course of the place each cervix and uterus are eliminated) needn’t get screened. Here are 7 unusual signs of cervical cancer you should know.
# Myth 6: Pap check is just like a pelvic examination. Pelvic examination is a bodily examination of the pelvis, vagina, and pelvic flooring (the world encompassed by the hip bones), whereas, in a Pap check, cells from the cervix are gently scraped away and examined for irregular progress.
# Myth 7 : Condoms can forestall HPV: Condoms may also help forestall sure sexually transmitted infections (STI). However, this is probably not true for HPV because the virus can inhabit areas that condoms don’t cowl.
# Myth 8: Cervical cancer remedy may cause infertility. Advances in drugs and surgical procedure have ensured that cervical cancer remedy doesn’t have an effect on fertility in a lady. These surgical remedies might help a lady conceive by eradicating solely the cervix and not the uterus.
“Timely screening and detection are two very important aspects of combating cervical cancer, as it is a completely treatable condition. Apart from this, women should make some basic lifestyle changes to avoid contracting an infection. These include avoiding sexual contact with multiple partners; getting screened on a timely basis; quitting smoking; consuming a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains; and maintaining a healthy weight. All these can go a long way in preventing cervical cancer,” Nandita concluded
Published: February 1, 2018 11:34 am | Updated:February 1, 2018 1:24 pm